the 178 plant species found solely in Algeria are the Saharan Cypress
and the Algerian Fir (RGBE).
virgatus is an
endemic genus of Cruciferae (JSTOR).
Additional plants unique to Algeria include an ornamental
a rock rose
(Sahara-Nature), a barrenwort Epimedium
athwaghlisia (p. 53 of ResearchGate),
a sweetvetch Hedysarum
sage Salvia balansae
a thistle Centaurea
a campion Silene
a fumitory Fumaria
a spurge Euphorbia
an ironwort Sideritis
a hawksbeard Crepis
a legume Adenocarpus
and Allium trichocnemis
Endemic mammals include Seurat’s Spiny Mouse (ZooChat), the Algerian Gerbil (Mammal Species of the World), and the extinct Red Gazelle (Andrew Isles Bookshop) known by only three specimens.
The Algerian Nuthatch (Nouara) occurs at only four locations.
Reptiles restricted to Algeria include Savigny's Fringe-fingered Lizard (lacerta.de), Bedriaga’s Fringe-fingered Lizard (BHL) and the critically endangered Doumergue’s Fringe-fingered Lizard (IUCN Red List).
The Edough Peninsula Ribbed Newt Pleurodeles poireti (ResearchGate) is known only from the Edough Peninsula (the newts from Tunisia and the rest of Algeria are now placed in the separate species Pleurodeles nebulosus).
fish unique to Algeria include the killifish Aphanius
Red List) and a barb Barbus leptopogon (FishBase). The Biskra Barb Barbus biscarensis (GVS)
and Barbus setivimensis
Red List) are sometimes considered full species distinct from
the more widespread Barbus
Endemic bugs include a planthopper Philybella brevispina (AMNH) and the leafhoppers Chlorita plamista (AMNH) and Chlorita pasiasta (AMNH). Other insects known only from Algeria include a butterfly Iberochloe pechi (euroleps.ch), a damselfly Lestes numidicus (IUCN Red List), a grasshopper Pamphagus djelfensis (Acrinwafrica), an ant Monomorium noualhieri (ARKive), a flower beetle Aleurostictus baborensis (p. 3 of insecte.org pdf file), a ground beetle Orthomus achilles (p. 23 of landesmuseum.at pdf file), a rove beetle Micrillus subterraneus (p. 27 of naturkundemuseum-bw.de pdf file), a weevil Acalles gracilipes (curci.de), and the leaf beetles Phyllotreta basalis (Chrysomelidae of Europe) and Chrysolina tortipennis (Chrysomelidae of Europe).
endemic invertebrates include a
cave-dwelling millipede Glomeris
the scorpions Buthacus
Files) and Pseudolissothus (GERES
pdf file), the land snails Ferussacia
oranensis (fig. 3 at Google
Books) and Rupestrella
brondeli (fig. 4 at Google
Books), several species of freshwater snails of the genera Pseudamnicola and Mercuria (malaco.de
pdf file), and an earthworm Prosellodrilus
The coastal regions of Algeria fall within the Mediterranean Basin biodiversity hotspot (CEPF). Important ecoregions for endemic species include the Mediterranean Woodlands and Forests (WWF) and the Mediterranean Conifer and Mixed Forests (WWF).