The scarp region of western Angola (BirdLife Int'l) is home to many species unique to the country including such birds as the Gabela Helmet-shrike (ARKive), the Braun's Bush-shrike (HBW), and Swierstra's Francolin (ARKive). The Angola Cave Chat (ARKive) represents a genus found only in a handful of high rocky areas in western Angola. Other endemic birds include the Red-crested Turaco (IBC), the Gray-striped Francolin (BirdLife Int'l), the Gabela Akalat (ARKive), the White-fronted Wattle-eye (IBC), the Gabela Bush-shrike (ARKive), the Pulitzer's Longbill (EDGE), the Angolan Slaty Flycatcher (mountmoco.org), the Angola Swee (IBC), and the Red-backed Mousebird (IBC). Other endemics that have recently been considered full species include the Pale-throated Barbet (HBW), Hartert's Camaroptera (IBC), and the White-bellied Barbet (HBW).
Angola's most famous endemic is a subspecies: the Giant Sable Antelope (Angola Field Group). Other endemic mammals include Machado's Butterfly Bat (Google Books), Vernay's Climbing Mouse (IUCN Red List), a soft-furred mouse Praomys coetzeei (naturkundemuseum-bw.de pdf file), and a wood mouse Hylomyscus heinrichorum (Zootaxa pdf file).
The nation boasts a rich, if poorly studied, diversity of endemic freshwater fishes with three endemic genera including Dundocharax bidentatus (FishBase) and an elephantfish Heteromormyrus pauciradiatus (Mormyridae). The Cuanza (or Quanza) River and its tributaries are especially important in this regard including such species as a loach catfish Doumea angolensis (FishBase). Other national endemics include an elephantfish Gnathonemus barbatus (Mormyridae), a barb Barbus chiumbeensis (FishBase), Raiamas ansorgii (Hippocampus Bildarchiv), a killifish Aplocheilichthys mediolateralis (FishBase), an airbreathing catfish Clarias nigromarmoratus (FishBase), a shellear Kneria sjolandersi (FishBase), and the mochokid catfishes Synodontis macropunctata (PlanetCatfish) and Chiloglanis angolensis (FishBase).
Unique reptiles include the Angolan Adder Bitis heraldica (SA Reptiles) and the Angolan Girdled Lizard Cordylus angolensis (Le Monde des Cordylus), both from the central highlands, as well as the Link-marked Sand Racer Psammophis ansorgii (fig. 4 at BHL), Barboza's Leaf-toed Gecko Hemidactylus bayonii (fig. 2 at Internet Archive), a gecko Afroedura bogerti (p. 2 of AMNH pdf file), Marx's Rough-scaled Lizard Ichnotropis microlepidota (BHL), Haacke's Sand Lizard Pedioplanis haackei (lacerta.de), the skinks Sepsina copei (fig. 1 at Internet Archive) and Typhlacontias rudebecki (p. 17 of ZFMK pdf file), and a spade-snouted worm lizard Monopeltis luandae (p. 6 of AMNH pdf file). The Slender Feather-tailed Gecko Kolekanos plumicaudus (Species New to Science) has recently been recognized as an endemic genus.
A plethora of reed frogs is unique to Angola including the Ashy Reed Frog Hyperolius cinereus (AmphibiaWeb), the Chela Mountain Reed Frog Hyperolius chelaensis (p. 25 of ASG pdf file), and Raymond's Reed Frog Hyperolius raymondi (AmphibiaWeb). Other endemic amphibians include the Huila Forest Tree Frog Leptopelis anchietae (Pensar e Falar Angola), the Mossamedes Toad Poyntonophrynus grandisonae (African Journal Archive pdf file), the Cambondo Screeching Frog Arthroleptis carquejai (IUCN Red List), and Ahl's Screeching Frog Phrynobatrachus brevipalmatus (SysTax).Among insects restricted to Angola are the butterflies Bebearia hassoni (Metafro), Acraea bellona (Dominique Bernaud), and Charaxes loandae (BOLD). Other endemic insects include a geometrid moth Chlorosterrha semialba (African Moths), a plume moth Agdistis bouyeri (Wikipedia), a damselfly Pseudagrion sarepi (p. 89 of Odonatologica pdf file), a dragonfly Eleuthemis eogaster (p. 170 of Odonatologica pdf file), a grasshopper Quangula minuta (SysTax), a bush cricket Clonia angolana (SysTax), an ant Ocymyrmex ankhu (AntWeb), a ground beetle Graphipterus albomarginatus (Carabidae of the World), a flower beetle Hegemus peregrinus (fig. 3 on p. 24 of Naturalis pdf file), a net-winged beetle Lycus fradei (JBT), a leaf-chafer Goniorrhina angolensis (Hannetons), a dung beetle Sarophorus angolensis (scarabaeoidea.com), a carpet beetle Phradonoma blabolili (Species ID), a leaf beetle Aethiopocassis angolensis (Cassidinae of the World), and an ant Anochetus angolensis (AntWiki).
Other endemic invertebrates include a baboon spider Bacillochilus xenostridulans (Tarantupedia), a jumping spider Phintella lunda (Dr. Lech Boroweic pdf file), a freshwater mussel Mutela wistarmorrisi (MUSSELp), a land snail Achatina coroca (African Journal Archive pdf file), a freshwater crab Potamonautes kensleyi (ResearchGate), and the marine snails Conus zebroides (ARKive), Conus xicoi (ARKive), and Conus cepasi (coneshell.net).
Among the unique plant genera are Angoseseli (JSTOR), Pseudoselinum (JSTOR), Benguellia (JSTOR), Carrissoa (JSTOR), Angolaea (Podostemaceae), Dialytheca (ACTD), Streptolophus (JSTOR), Baumia (JSTOR), Polytepalum (JSTOR), Aidomene (ACTD), Piptophyllum (JSTOR), Streptolophus (JSTOR), Gossweilera (JSTOR), Muschleria (JSTOR), and Calanda (JSTOR). Additional plant species found nowhere else include Sansevieria pfisteri (flickr), Commiphora namibensis (Phytotaxa pdf file), Aloe scorpioides (PlantFiles), Aloe inamara (flickr), Aloe palmiformis (flickr), Euphorbia semperflorens (euphorbia.de), Euphorbia opuntioides (euphorbia.de), Euphorbia vallaris (euphorbia.de), a thorn tree Acacia andongensis (Virtual Field Herbarium), and an orchid Satyrium aciculare (African Orchids), .
In additon to the scarp region (EoE) and the Cuanza River watershed (FEOW), regions rich in species unique to the nation include the Angolan Miombo Woodlands (EoE) and the Angolan Montane Forest-grassland Mosaic (EoE).