recently described from Bangladesh include Fejervarya
asmati (IUCN), Fejervarya dhaka (PLOS ONE), Microhyla
mukhlesuri (IUCN), Microhyla
mymensinghensis (IUCN), Microhyla nilphamariensis (PLOS ONE), Hoplobatrachus
ONE). Another frog
was described in 1868 and is known only from the type locality of
Freshwater fish species unique to Bangladesh include the minnows Psilorhynchus rahmani (IUCN) and Laubuca brahmaputraensis (Biodiversity Journal pdf file), a leaffish Nandus meni (FishBase), a silurid catfish Heteropneustes nani (FishBase), Garra mini (pfeil-verlag.de pdf file), and three Asian hill-stream catfish: Nangra bucculenta (BHL), Nangra ornata (IUCN), and Gogangra laevis (Dr. Friedrich Pfeil pdf file).
Invertebrates known only from Bangladesh include a stick insect Medaura jobrensis (BioLib), a seed bug Dieuches ochromus (Taylor & Francis), a planthopper Pinocchias natus (p. 9 of landesmuseum.at pdf file), and at least 18 species of spiders (p. 14 of Zoos' Print pdf file) including a wolf spider Pardosa royi (World Spider Catalog) and a jumping spider Plexippus wesolowski (Salticidae of the World).
Several species of vascular plants have been considered endemic to Bangladesh (see NepJOL pdf file). These include Rotala simpliciuscula (JSTOR), Knema bengalensis (p. 80 of NTNU), Boesenbergia islamii and Mantisia salarkhanii (both on p. 18 of NepJOL pdf file), Nothopegia acuminata (JSTOR), Periploca acuminata (JSTOR), Limnophila cana and Hedyotis thomsonii (both on p. 18 of NepJOL pdf file), Gomphostemma salarkhaniana (p. 79 of NTNU), Lagenandra gomezii (JSTOR), Dehaasia rangamattiensis (Tropicos), Pteris giasii (TAIF), Ampelygonum salarkhanii and Globba rahmanii (both on p. 18 of NepJOL pdf file), Zingiber salarkhanii (BanglaJOL), Croton chittagongensis and Cuscuta chittagongensis (both on p. 19 of NepJOL pdf file), Taxillus thelocarpus (JSTOR), and three recently described species of Curcuma (BanglaJOL).
Portions of Bangladesh are included in the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot (CEPF). Important ecoregions include the Sundarbans Freshwater Swamp Forests (EoE), the Sundarbans Mangroves (EoE), and the Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin Rain Forests (EoE).