especially notable endemic freshwater fish fauna. Inle Lake (WWF)
is home to 16 species found nowhere else
and Devarios), a spiny eel Mastacembelus oatesii (Naturhistoriska
riksmuseet), the Inle Loach (Loaches
Online), and two endemic genera: the Sawbwa
and Inlecypris (Hippocampus)
. Other genera unique to Myanmar include one of the world's smallest
and Devarios), the Eyespot Gourami (flickr),
a loach Pteronemacheilus
New to Science),
and the catfishes Ayarnangra
Other endemics include the Myanmar Arowana (PFK),
an eel-loach Pangio
Chaudhuria ritvae (NHM-London),
Badis corycaeus (FishBase),
the Indawgyi Stream
Chaca burmensis (scotcat.com),
a barb Puntius didi (Species
New to Science), the Celestial Pearl
Garra flavatra (ARKive),
and the recently described Dracula Fish (NHM-London).
Reptiles found only in Myanmar include the Burmese Peacock Softshell Turtle (WCT), the Burmese Star Tortoise (ARKive), the Burmese Roofed Turtle (ATCN), a bloodsucker Calotes chincollium (Species New to Science), a gecko Cyrtodactylus brevidactylus (Species New to Science), a fan-throated lizard Ptyctolaemus collicristatus (Species New to Science), a skink Scincella victoriana (CAS pdf file), the Burmese Krait Bungarus magnimaculatus (p. 17 of CAS pdf file), the Burmese Spitting Cobra (CAS), Vindum's Slug Eater (Species New to Science), and a recently described python Python kyaiktiyo (Species New to Science).
Amphibians restricted to Myanmar include the Tanintharyi Stream Toad (Species New to Science), a toad Duttaphrynus crocus (Species New to Science), the Toungoo Frog Hylarana oatesii (Internet Archive), the Indoburman Torrent Frog Amolops indoburmanensis (USF), the Adung Lazy Toad (BHL), the tree frogs Theloderma phrynoderma (USF) and Chiromantis punctatus (CAS pdf file), a caecilian Ichthyophis multicolor (Species New to Science), and a newt Tylototriton shanorum (Species New to Science).
Birds known solely from Myanmar include the White-browed Nuthatch (BirdLife
Int'l), the Hooded Treepie (IBC),
White-throated Babbler (OBC),
Burmese Bushlark (IBC). Jerdon's Minivet Pericrocotus albifrons
is sometimes considered distinct from the White-bellied Minivet Pericrocotus erythropygius.
The Burmese Tit Aegithalos
has recently been split from the Black-browed Tit Aegithalos bonvaloti.
Naung Mung Scimitar-babbler (Planet
of Birds) is sometime considered distinct from the
Short-tailed Scimitar-babbler Jabouilleia
danjoui. The recently rediscovered Myanmar
subspecies of Jerdon's Babbler may also be a distinct species (OBC
Endemic mammals include the Popa Soft-furred Rat Millardia kathleenae (Google Books), Anthony’s Pipistrelle (SABD), Joffre's Pipistrelle and the Myanmar Pipistrelle (both at Google Books), the recently described House-dwelling Leaf-nosed Bat Hipposideros einnaythu (Harrison Institute), and a recently described white-toothed shrew Crocidura cranbrooki (p. 20 of AMNH 6 MB pdf file). The Burmese Brow-antlered Deer or Thamin (ARKive) is sometimes considered a full species.
Insects unique to Myanmar include a stick insect Dajaca nigrolineata (Phasmatodea.com), a stag beetle Lucanus nangsarae (goliathus), the longhorned beetles Glenea pseudoindiana (p. 9 of ASEF pdf file) and Anoplophora birmanica (Cerambycoidea.com), the ground beetles Carabus burmanensis (Carabidae of the World) and Salcedia parallela (BHL), a leaf beetle Antinia szypulai (Dr. Lech Borowiec pdf file), a click beetle Xanthopenthes burmensis (Elateridae), an ant Stigmatomma feae (AntWiki), a butterfly Allaemona prasopsuki (Butterfly Soc. Japan), and a tiger moth Eospilarctia naumanni (Wikipedia).
endemic invertebrates include a crab spider Sanmenia nigra (p.
9 of Raffles
Museum pdf file), the tarantulas Chilobrachys
Rehak) and Ornithoctonus
andersoni (p. 8 of Boris
Striffler 5 MB pdf file), a freshwater shrimp Macrobrachium patheinense
Archive), and the land snails Cyclophorus cryptomphalus
and Amphidromus janus
(figs. F & G at ZooKeys).
Plants that are exclusive to Myanmar include many orchids such as Thunia brymeriana (IOPSE), Phalaenopsis natmataungensis (phals.net), Spathoglottis lobbii (IOPSE), and Coelogyne parishii (IOPSE). Endemic genera of plants include the Pride of Burma (ARKive), Stadiochilus (Smithsonian), Hitchenia (HTBG), Phylloboea (Genera of Gesneriaceae), Spathichlamys (JSTOR), and Woodburnia (Google Books). Other plants unique to Myanmar include the Farrer Pine Pinus farreri (ARKive), Rhododendron burmanicum (Wikispecies), Rhododendron recurvoides (ARS), Cryptocoryne cruddasiana (Crypts Pages), an aroid Amorphophallus angustispathus (IAS), the Persian Shield (mobot), a grass Dimeria keenanii (Tropicos), the gingers Hedychium bordelonianum (eol) and Larsenianthus wardianus (eol), and Argostemma victorianum (Naturalis pdf file).
Portions of Myanmar are included in two biodiversity hotspots: Indo-Burma (CEPF) and Himalaya (CEPF). The Irrawaddy Dry Forests (EoE) is an ecoregion restricted to Myanmar. In addition to Lake Inle, the Sitang-Irawaddy (FEOW) and Lower & Middle Salween (FEOW) are important freshwater ecoregions.