unique to Cuba
include the Cuban Solenodon (EDGE),
Little Goblin Bat (ARKive),
Greater Funnel-eared Bat Natalus
primus (EDGE), and the Cuban Red Bat Lasiurus insularis
(p. 6 of RELCOM
8 MB pdf file). Three endemic genera
of large rodents are the
Prehensile-tailed Hutia Mysateles (Planet'
Mammiferes), the Cuban Hutia Capromys (eol),
and the Cuban small hutias Mesocapromys (EDGE)
The Bee Hummingbird (ARKive) is the world's smallest bird. Endemic bird genera are represented by the Zapata Rail (AMA), the Zapata Sparrow (IBC), the Zapata Wren (ARKive), the Blue-headed Quail-dove (Neotropical Birds), the Cuban Screech Owl (IBC), the Cuban Green Woodpecker (Neotropical Birds), and the Oriente Warbler (Arthur Grosset's Birds). Other birds unique to Cuba include the Cuban Finch (Culture Quest), Fernandina’s Flicker (ARKive), the Cuban Nightjar (IBC), the Cuban Tody (Neotropical Birds), the Cuban Trogon (IBC), the Cuban Parakeet (ARKive), the Cuban Kite (HBW), and Gundlach’s Hawk (Peregrine Fund).
Reptiles found only in Cuba include the Cuban Crocodile Crocodylus rhombifer (ARKive), the Cuban Boa Epicrates angulifer (ARKive), the Canasi Dwarf Boa Tropidophis celiae (Caribherp), the Broad-striped Racerlet Arrhyton taeniatum (flickr), the Pallid Curlytail Leiocephalus raviceps (p. 3 of Field Museum pdf file), the Cuban Croaking Gecko Aristelliger reyesi (Caribherp), the Cuban Night Lizard Cricosaura typica (AMA), and the Cuban Pale-necked Galliwasp Diploglossus delasagra (Caribherp). Among over 60 endemic anoles are the Knight Anole Anolis equestris (Smithsonian National Zoo), the Cuban Stream Anole Anolis vermiculatus (flickr), and the Oriente Bearded Anole Anolis porcus (Reptile Database). The worm lizards of the genus Cadea (Field Museum) (EcuRed) are sometimes considered an endemic family, the Cadeidae.
Amphibians known exclusively from Cuba include the Cuban Pine Toad (ARKive), the Cuban Spotted Toad (ARKive), the Cuban Robber Frog (ARKive), the Turquino Robber Frog (ARKive), the Cuban Giant Frog (ARKive), the Cuban Red-rumped Frog (Caribherp), and the Orange Long-nosed Frog (ARKive). The Monte Iberia Dwarf Frog (AmphibiaWeb) is one of the world's smallest frogs.
Freshwater fish that live solely in the rivers and streams of Cuba include the Cuban Gar Atractosteus tristoechus (BioLib), the Cuban Cavefish Lucifuga (AMA) (Univ. Laval pdf file), the Joturo Nandopsis ramsdeni (AMA), the Barred Topminnow Quintana atrizona (AMA), the Goldbelly Topminnow Girardinus falcatus (FishBase), the Cuban Killifish Cubanichthys cubensis (Cuba en el Aquarista), the Cuban Silverside Alepidomus evermanni (STRI), and the Isle of Pines Rivulus Rivulus insulaepinorum (It Rains Fish). Endemic marine fish include a basslet Gramma dejongi (FishBase), a barnacle blenny Acanthemblemaria cubana (Solenodon pdf file), and the Cuban Longfin Herring Neoopisthopterus cubanus (STRI).
Butterflies restricted to Cuba include Poey’s Swallowtail (Butterflies of Cuba), Gundlach's Swallowtail (Butterflies of Cuba), the Cuban Kite (Butterflies of Cuba), the Cuban Calisto (Butterflies of Cuba), the Cuban Peacock (Butterflies of Cuba), the Cuban King (Butterflies of Cuba), and the Cuban Clearwing (Butterflies of Cuba). Other endemic insects include the Cuban Leafcutting Ant (es.wikipedia), an ant Temnothorax senectutis (AntWiki), a bee Megachile armaticeps (flickr), a day flying moth Urania boisduvalii (NABA), a firefly Alecton discoidalis (Wikipedia), a longhorned beetle Lepturgotrichona cubaecola (Coleoptera Neotropical), and the damselflies Neoneura maria (flickr) and Microneura caligata (SEA pdf file).
endemic invertebrates include a caponiid spider Nops
Museum), a tarantula Phormictopus
a scorpion Alayotityus
juraguaensis (p. 1 of Field
Museum pdf file), and a freshwater snail Pomacea poeyana (Wikipedia).
A spectacular land snail fauna of over 1000
species includes Liguus
the Cuban Painted Tree
Snail Polymita picta
Zachrysia auricoma (EcuRed),
the Cuban Porcupine Shell Blaesospira
Endemic families of marine life include the gastropods Globocornidae (Internet
Archive) and the amphipod crustaceans Miramarassidae
Cuba has over 3000 plant species found nowhere else. Endemic genera include the palms Gastrococos (VPE) and Hemithrinax (ARKive), a cycad Microcycas (Cycad Pages), Siemensia (Plants of Viñales), Shafera (Picasa), Antillanthus (Picasa), Hebestigma (Plants of Viñales), Linodendron (p. 61 of National Red List 3 MB pdf file), Ceratopyxis (Plants of Viñales), Henleophytum (Malpighiaceae), Adenoa (Kew), Heptanthus (Google Books), and Ancistranthus (Plants of Viñales). Orchids unique to Cuba include Encyclia bocourtii (IOPSE), Tolumnia guibertiana (IOPSE), Broughtonia ortgiesiana (EcuRed), and Tetramicra eulophiae (IOPSE). Other endemic species include the Cuban Pine (Wikipedia), Marcgravia evenia (National Geographic), Aralia rex (es.wikipedia), the Cuban Petticoat Palm (PACSOA), the Dwarf Turk's Cap Cactus (es.wikipedia), and Dendrocereus nudiflorus (CactiGuide.com).
Cuba is part of the Caribbean Islands biodiversity hotspot (CEPF) and the Cuba - Cayman Islands freshwater ecoregion (FEOW). Important terrestrial ecoregions include the Cuban Moist Forests (EoE), the Cuban Cactus Scrub (EoE), and the Cuban Pine Forests (EoE). Lists of Cuban species including information on endemism can be found at (Diversidad Biológica Cubana).