unique to Curaçao is the Three-scaled
(Picasa). The Curaçao Whiptail Cnemidophorus murinus (flickr) is also an endemic species since the whiptails on Bonaire are now considered a separate species Cnemidophorus ruthveni.
A recently extinct rice rat Oryzomys
curasoae (IUCN) (Claremont pdf file) has sometimes been considered distinct from
Gorgas's Rice Rat Oryzomys
gorgasi of Colombia and Venezuela.
Marine fish so far known only from Curaçao include the Spotted Four-fin Blenny Haptoclinus dropi (Species ID), the Tail-spot Basslet Liopropoma santi (STRI), the Yellow-spotted Sand Goby Coryphopterus curasub (ZooKeys),and another blenny Starksia
Invertebrates restricted to Curaçao include the longhorned beetles Anelaphus curacaoensis (Cerambycidae Species) and Elaphidion curacaoae (Cerambycidae Species), a damsel bug Pagasa
cobbeni (p. 4 of zin.ru pdf file), a ground spider Camillina
jeris (p. 11 of AMNH
pdf file), the
goblin spiders Scaphiella
agocena (AMNH) and Reductoonops hato (AMNH),
a shrimp Pseudopontonides
pdf file), a copepod crustacean Neocyclops
geltrudeae (G.L. Pesce pdf file), a freshwater isopod crustacean Stygocyathura curassavica
Books), a marine snails Attenuiconus marileeae (Cone Collector pdf file) and Vitrinella anneliesae (fig. 131 on p. 171 of BioNames), and several land
Tudora muskusi (Femorale),
molengraaffi (fig. 54 on p 147 of Univ.
Michigan pdf file). Sponges known solely from
Curaçao include Neopetrosia ovata (Sciency Thoughts) and the following (all at UvA DARE
pdf file): Timea curacaoensis,
and Clathria collosclera.
No vascular plants are unique to Curaçao.
Curaçao is included in the
Caribbean Islands biodiversity hotspot (CEPF) and is part of the
Cactus Scrub ecoregion (EoE). A checklist of endemic taxa can be found at (DCBL pdf file).