Birds found only in Fiji include the Collared Lory (WPT), the Red-throated Lorikeet (NatureFiji), the Masked Shining Parrot (WPT), the Crimson Shining Parrot (ARKive), the Orange Dove (ARKive), the Golden Dove (Int'l Dove Soc.), the Whistling Dove (HBW), the Barking Imperial Pigeon (HBW), the Fiji Goshawk (HBW), the Fiji Petrel (BBC), the Silktail (NatureFiji), the Ogea Monarch (flickr), the Slaty Monarch (HBW), the Fiji Whistler (flickr), the Azure-crested Flycatcher (HBW), the Orange-breasted Honeyeater (Wikipedia), the Kadavu Honeyeater (HBW), the Giant Honeyeater (HBW), the Kadavu Fantail (Fiji Bird Watching), the Rotuma Myzomela (ARKive), the Fiji White-eye (HBW), the Fiji Bush Warbler (HBW), the Long-legged Thicketbird (ARKive), the Fiji Woodswallow (HBW), and the Pink-billed Parrotfinch (Wikipedia).
Fijian Monkey-faced Bat (NatureFiji)
is an endemic mammal.
Reptiles unique to Fiji include the Fiji Crested Iguana Brachylophus vitiensis (ARKive), the recently discovered Fiji Banded Iguana Brachylophus bulabula (Ryan Photographic), the Rotuma Forest Gecko Lepidodactylus gardineri (IUCN), the Fiji Forest Gecko Lepidodactylus manni (Ryan Photographic), the Onoilau Skink Leiolopisma alazon (IUCN), the Viti Levu Mountain Tree Skink Emoia campbelli (Ryan Photographic), the Fiji Slender Skink Emoia concolor (Ryan Photographic), the Vanua Levu Slender Skink Emoia mokosariniveikau (BioStor), the Fiji Copper-headed Skink Emoia parkeri (Internet Archive), the Rotuma Barred Tree Skink Emoia oriva (PBSW), the Fiji Barred Tree Skink Emoia trossula (BHL), the Fiji Snake-eyed Skink Cryptoblepharus eximius (iNaturalist), and the Taveuni Blindsnake Ramphotyphlops aluensis (Ryan Photographic). The Fiji Burrowing Snake or Bola Ogmodon vitianus (ARKive) is an endemic genus.
Two amphibians are known solely from Fiji: the Fiji Tree Frog Platymantis vitiensis (Ryan Photographic) and the Fiji Ground Frog Platymantis vitianus (NatureFiji).
A freshwater pipefish Hippichthys albomaculosus (Wetlands Int'l), a dartfish Parioglossus triquetrus (p. 22 of Australian Museum pdf file), and several freshwater gobies are restricted to Fiji including Schismatogobius chrysonotus (p. 18 of USAID pdf file), the Hoofprint Goby Lairdina hopletupus (RSNZ), Lever's Goby Redigobius leveri (Ryan Photographic), and the recently described Redigobius lekutu (FishBase). The Orange-spotted Therapon Mesopristes kneri (FishBase) is found in both freshwater and marine environments.
fish include the Bicolored Foxface
the Twilight Fangblenny Petroscirtes
pdf file), the Fiji Sponge Goby Bryaninops
Photographic), the gobies Eviota teresae (p. 40 of OSF pdf file), and Tryssogobius
garden eel Gorgasia
pdf file), a damselfish Pomacentrus
the Fiji Blue Midnight Angelfish Centropyge
the wrasses Paracheilinus
and two combtooth blennies: Meiacanthus
and Ecsenius fijiensis
(eol). Eschmeyer nexus (Internet
the sole species in the endemic family Eschmeyeridae.
The Giant Fijian Longhorn Beetle Xixuthurus heros (NatureFiji) is the world's second largest beetle. Other endemic insects include the Fiji Swallowtail Papilio schmeltzi (USP), the Fijian Emperor Polyura caphontis (iNaturalist), Xois sesara (iNaturalist), an eggfly butterfly Hypolimnas inopinata (p. 31 of FAO pdf file), the hawk moths Gnathothlibus fijiensis (iNaturalist) and Psilogramma jordana (Sphingidae of the Eastern Palaearctic), a uraniid moth Urapteroides anerces (Moths in Fiji), a tussock moth Calliteara fidjiensis (iNaturalist), a damselfly Indolestes vitiensis (Bishop Museum), a jewel beetle Paracupta sulcata (World of Jewel Beetles), a longhorned beetle Distenia dillonorum (Bishop Museum pdf file), a weevil Bulbogaster ctenostomides (Insects on Stamps), the cicadas Fijipsalta tympanistria (Google Books) and Raiateana knowlesi (WNS Stamps), a genus of ants Poecilomyrma (AntWiki), and the Fijian Stick Insect Nisyrus spinulosus (NatureFiji).
endemic invertebrates include a jumping spider Lagnus
freshwater snail Fijidoma maculata (WNS
the land snails Placostylus
guanensis (p. 44 of USP
pdf file) and Diancta
a freshwater sea slug Acochlidium
Slug Forum), a cone snail Asprella fijisulcata
Hardy), and a
cowrie Austrasiatica deforgesi (Eddie
The most distinctive of the over 800 plant species found exclusively in Fiji are the masiratus Degeneria roseiflora and Degeneria vitiensis (gigantopteroid.org), the only members of the endemic family Degeneriaceae. Other endemic genera include Amaroria (Google Books), Readea (fig. A on p. 12 of ResearchGate), Squamellaria (myrmecodia.org), Gillespiea (BHL), and Hedstromia (JSTOR). All of Fiji's native palms are endemic including the Vilaito Neoveitchia storkii (ARKive), the Solitary Palm Heterospathe longipes (ARKive), Thurston’s Fan Palm Pritchardia thurstonii (PACSOA), and Balaka macrocarpa (NatureFiji). Other endemic plants include the national flower, the Tagimaucia Medinilla waterhousei (NatureFiji), the Fiji Christmas Bush Decaspermum vitiense (WNS Stamps), the Drautabua Acmopyle sahniana (NatureFiji), Hoya megalantha (flickr), Gymnostoma vitiense (Internet Archive), Syzygium gracilipes (Internet Archive), the Yaka Dacrydium nausoriense (RBGE), the orchids Bulbophyllum phillipsianum (gigantopteroid.org) and Dendrobium prasinum (IOPSE), Gmelina vitiensis (Plant Stamps of the World), and the Cibicibi Cynometra falcata (NatureFiji).
Fiji includes the Fiji Dry Tropical Forests (EoE) and Fiji Tropical Moist Forests (EoE) ecoregions and is part of the Polynesia-Micronesia biodiversity hotspot (CEPF). An overview of Fiji's biodiversity can be found in its Convention on Biological Diversity report (CBD pdf file) and at (JWU pdf file).