fish known only from International Waters that occur within 200 meters
of the surface include a scorpionfish Scorpaenodes immaculatus
and a moray eel Gymnothorax
from Walters Shoals, the Meteor Dragonet Protogrammus sousai
Species) and Bathylutichthys
from the Great Meteor seamount, and a rover Plagiogeneion geminatum
from a seamount on the Nazca Ridge. Deep sea fish remain poorly
collected and are often known from only a single specimen such as the
recently described fathead sculpin Cottunculus
pdf file) from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge .
A spiny lobster Palinurus barbarae (Census of Marine Life), a shrimp Alpheus waltervadi (BHL), a crab Chaceon collettei (BHL), and an isopod crustacean Joeropsis waltervadi (Antarctic Invertebrates) are known soley from the Walters Shoals. Other marine invertebrates collected only in International Waters include a copepod crustacean Stygiopontius lomonosovi (p. 8 of V.N. Ivanenko pdf file) from the Logachev Hydrothermal Vent of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, the copepods Romete bulbiseta (G.L. Pesce pdf file) and Meteorina magnifica (p. 2 of TOS pdf file) and a black coral Leiopathes montana (ResearchGate) from the Great Meteor seamount, a shrimp Leontocaris smarensis (p. 2 of TOS pdf file) from the Romanche Fracture Zone, a shrimp Paralebbeus mollis (AToL Decapoda pdf file) from the Coral Seamount, and a new species of red peniagone sea cucumber (p. 10 of Census of Marine Life pdf file) from the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
crustacean families collected solely from International Waters include
and Rostrocalanidae (Taylor
& Francis) (Marine
Planktonic Copepods). Mollusc families known only
from International Waters include the Galatheavalvidae
139 of ZMUC
pdf file) and the Laginiopsidae (Marine
Areas in international waters likely to be important for endemic species include seamounts (TOS pdf file), hadal trenches (ResearchGate), hydrothermal vents (ChEss), and cold seeps (ChEss).