else than Jamaica include the Yellow-billed Amazon (ARKive),
the Black-billed Amazon (ARKive),
Crested Quail-Dove (IBC), the Ring-tailed Pigeon
Chestnut-bellied Cuckoo (flickr), the
Jamaican Tody (IBC),
Jamaican Owl (Owl
Jamaican Mango (flickr),
Jamaican Spindalis (Steve
Metz), the Jamaican Euphonia (IBC),
the White-eyed Thrush (Cockpit
Country), and the Jamaican
Int'l). Birds representing endemic genera include
the Red-billed Streamertail (Amazilia),
Yellow-shouldered Grassquit (flickr),
Jamaican Blackbird (ARKive).
Mammals unique to Jamaica include the Jamaican Hutia (ARKive), the Jamaican Fig-eating Bat Ariteus flavescens (Mammalian Species pdf file), the Jamaican Flower Bat Phyllonycteris aphylla (p. 66 of UNL 4 MB pdf file), the Jamaican Greater Funnel-eared Bat Natalus jamaicensis (EDGE), and the Jamaican Red Bat Lasiurus degelidus (p. 101 of UNL 4 MB pdf file).
Reptiles restricted to Jamaica include the Jamaican Iguana Cyclura collei (IIF), the Jamaican Twig Anole Anolis (or Norops) valencienni (Saumfinger.de), the Bluefields Anole Anolis (or Norops) opalinus (Amazilia), the Blue Mountain Anole Anolis reconditus (Caribherp), the Jamaican Giant Gecko Tarentola albertschwartzi (Caribherp), a dwarf gecko Sphaerodactylus semasiops (Caribherp), the Jamaican Ameiva Ameiva dorsalis (flickr), the Jamaican Skink Spondylurus fulgidus (Penn State Univ.), the Limestone Forest Galliwasp Celestus barbouri (Caribherp), the Jamaican Boa Epicrates subflavus (ARKive), the Jamaican Racer Hypsirhynchus ater (Caribherp), and the Jamaican Blindsnake Typhlops jamaicensis (Caribherp).
All of Jamaica's native amphibians are endemic including the Jamaican Peak Frog Eleutherodactylus alticola (Caribherp), the Jamaican Cave Frog Eleutherodactylus cundalli (ARKive), the Western Yellow-bellied Frog Eleutherodactylus pantoni (Mel J. Rivera), the Jamaican Masked Frog Eleutherodactylus luteolus (ARKive), the Jamaican Laughing Treefrog Osteopilus brunneus (flickr), and the Jamaican Snoring Treefrog Osteopilus crucialis (Caribherp).
Freshwater fish known solely from Jamaica include the Striped Gambusia Gambusia melapleura (FishBase), Wray’s Gambusia Gambusia wrayi (Brian Langerhans), the Blackbelly Limia Limia melanogaster (FishBase), the Jamaican Killifish Cubanichthys pengelleyi (It Rains Fish), and the Blue Poecilia Poecilia caudofasciata (fig. 6 at BHL).
Butterflies exclusively found in Jamaica include the Giant Swallowtail (Butterflies of America), the Thersites Swallowtail (Butterflies of America), the Jamaican Kite (ATL pdf file), the Jamaican Checkerspot (Butterflies of America), the Jamaican Flasher (Butterflies of America), the Jamaican Callisto (Butterflies of America), the Jamaican Satyr (flickr), and Turner's Skipper Troyus turneri (Butterflies of America). Other endemic invertebrates include a tiger moth Idalus delicata (Moths of Jamaica), an extinct dayflying moth Urania sloanus (NHM-London), a damselfly Hypolestes clara (Pinterest), a longhorned beetle Eburia jamaicae (Smithsonian), a cave-dwelling ground beetle Colpodes cavicola (Harvard), a grasshopper Dellia karstica (Jamaican Biotic Survey), the Jamaican Cavefly Neoditomyia farri (ARKive), a cave-dwelling velvetworm Speleoperipatus spelaeus (ARKive), and the Jamaican Bromeliad Crab Metopaulias depressus (ScienceMedia). Jamaica has 505 endemic terrestrial molluscs including all of the helicinid snails (Jamaican Biotic Survey) and annulariid snails (Jamaican Biotic Survey).
Among over 900 vascular plant species unique to Jamaica are the palms Thrinax excelsa (Wikipedia), Calyptronoma occidentalis (PACSOA), and Roystonea princeps (flickr). Endemic orchids include Tolumnia triquetra (IOPSE), Broughtonia sanguinea (flickr), Pleurothallis hirsutula (IOPSE), and Lepanthes obtusa (IOPSE). Other endemic plants include a cactus Disocactus alatus (Cal's Plant of the Week), a bromeliad Tillandsia adamsii (fcbs), Wercklea flavovirens (ARKive), the Aluminum Plant Pilea grandifolia (TopTropicals.com), Carica jamaicensis (ARKive), Begonia minor (flickr), and Brunfelsia jamaicensis (ARKive). Endemic plant genera include Portlandia (ARKive), Salpixantha (eol), Tetrasiphon (ARKive), Acanthodesmos (JSTOR), Odontocline (JSTOR as Senecio tercentenariae), Zemisia (Internet Archive), and Dendrocousinsia (BHL).
Jamaica is part of the Caribbean Islands biodiversity hotspot (Biodiversity Hotspots). Terrestrial ecoregions include the Jamaican Moist Forests (EoE) and the Jamaican Dry Forests (EoE).