else than Jamaica include the Yellow-billed Amazon (ARKive),
the Black-billed Amazon (ARKive),
the Jamaican Parakeet (flickr),
Crested Quail-Dove (HBW),
the Ring-tailed Pigeon
Chestnut-bellied Cuckoo (flickr),
Jamaican Tody (HBW),
Jamaican Owl (Owl
Jamaican Mango (flickr),
Jamaican Spindalis (Steve
Metz), the Jamaican Euphonia (HBW),
the White-eyed Thrush (Cockpit
Country), the Jamaican Vireo (Neotropical
Birds), and the Jamaican
Paraque (Neotropical Birds). Birds representing endemic genera include
the Red-billed Streamertail (Amazilia),
Yellow-shouldered Grassquit (flickr),
Jamaican Blackbird (ARKive).
Mammals unique to Jamaica include the Jamaican Hutia (ARKive), the Jamaican Fig-eating Bat Ariteus flavescens (Mammalian Species pdf file), the Jamaican Flower Bat Phyllonycteris aphylla (p. 66 of UNL 4 MB pdf file), the Jamaican Greater Funnel-eared Bat Natalus jamaicensis (EDGE), and the Jamaican Red Bat Lasiurus degelidus (p. 101 of UNL 4 MB pdf file). The Jamaican Brown Bat Eptesicus lynni (p. 31 of NEPA pdf file) is sometimes recognized as a full species distinct from the more widespread Big Brown Bat Eptesicus fuscus.
Reptiles restricted to Jamaica include the Jamaican Iguana Cyclura collei (IIF), the Jamaican Twig Anole Anolis (or Norops) valencienni (Saumfinger.de), the Bluefields Anole Anolis (or Norops) opalinus (Amazilia), the Blue Mountain Anole Anolis reconditus (Caribherp), the Jamaican Giant Gecko Tarentola albertschwartzi (Caribherp), a dwarf gecko Sphaerodactylus semasiops (Caribherp), the Jamaican Ameiva Ameiva dorsalis (flickr), the Jamaican Skink Spondylurus fulgidus (Penn State Univ.), the Limestone Forest Galliwasp Celestus barbouri (Caribherp), the Jamaican Boa Epicrates subflavus (ARKive), the Jamaican Racer Hypsirhynchus ater (Caribherp), and the Jamaican Blindsnake Typhlops jamaicensis (Caribherp).
All of Jamaica's native amphibians are endemic including the Jamaican Peak Frog Eleutherodactylus alticola (Caribherp), the Jamaican Cave Frog Eleutherodactylus cundalli (ARKive), the Western Yellow-bellied Frog Eleutherodactylus pantoni (Mel J. Rivera), the Jamaican Masked Frog Eleutherodactylus luteolus (ARKive), the Jamaican Laughing Tree Frog Osteopilus ocellatus (flickr), and the Jamaican Snoring Tree Frog Osteopilus crucialis (Caribherp).
Freshwater fish known solely from Jamaica include the Striped Gambusia Gambusia melapleura (FishBase), Wray’s Gambusia Gambusia wrayi (STRI), the Blackbelly Limia Limia melanogaster (FishBase), the Jamaican Killifish Cubanichthys pengelleyi (It Rains Fish), and the Blue Poecilia Poecilia caudofasciata (fig. 6 at BHL).
Butterflies exclusively found in Jamaica include the Giant Swallowtail (Butterflies of America), the Thersites Swallowtail (Butterflies of America), the Jamaican Kite (ATL pdf file), the Jamaican Checkerspot (Butterflies of America), the Jamaican Flasher (Butterflies of America), the Jamaican Callisto (Butterflies of America), the Jamaican Satyr (flickr), and Turner's Skipper Troyus turneri (Butterflies of America). Other endemic insects include a tiger moth Idalus delicata (Moths of Jamaica), an extinct dayflying moth Urania sloanus (ANSP), a damselfly Diceratobasis macrogaster (flickr), a longhorned beetle Eburia jamaicae (eol), a cave-dwelling ground beetle Colpodes cavicola (Harvard), a grasshopper Dellia karstica (Jamaican Biotic Survey), an ant Leptogenys reggae (AntWiki), the Jamaican Cavefly Neoditomyia farri (ARKive),
Other endemic invertebrates include a cave-dwelling velvetworm
the Jamaican Bromeliad Crab Metopaulias
and 505 endemic terrestrial molluscs including all of
the helicinid snails (Jamaican
Biotic Survey) and annulariid snails (Jamaican
Biotic Survey). A gastrotrich family, the Hummondasyidae (ResearchGate),
is currently know only from Jamaica.
Among more than 800 vascular plant species unique to Jamaica are the palms Thrinax excelsa (Wikipedia), Calyptronoma occidentalis (PACSOA), and Roystonea princeps (flickr). Endemic orchids include Tolumnia triquetra (IOPSE), Broughtonia sanguinea (flickr), Pleurothallis hirsutula (IOPSE), and Lepanthes obtusa (IOPSE). Other endemic plants include a cactus Disocactus alatus (Cal's Plant of the Week), a bromeliad Tillandsia adamsii (Cockpit Country), Wercklea flavovirens (ARKive), the Aluminum Plant Pilea grandifolia (TopTropicals.com), Podocarpus purdieanus (RGBE), Carica jamaicensis (ARKive), Begonia minor (flickr), and Brunfelsia jamaicensis (ARKive). Endemic plant genera include Portlandia (ARKive), Odontocline (Flora of the Clarendon Parish), Zemisia (Flora of the Clarendon Parish), Dendrocousinsia (Flora of the Clarendon Parish), Salpixantha (eol), and Tetrasiphon (ARKive), .
Jamaica is part of the Caribbean Islands biodiversity hotspot (CEPF). Terrestrial ecoregions include the Jamaican Moist Forests (EoE) and the Jamaican Dry Forests (EoE).