The Maloti Minnow Pseudobarbus quathlambae (ResearchGate) is a critically endangered freshwater fish unique to Lesotho.
Drakensberg River Frog
(or Sani Pass Frog) Amietia
dracomontana (p. 71 of SANBI
is known definitely only from Lesotho, but is expected to be found also
in neighboring South Africa. A recent article (Zootaxa
pdf file) considers it a synonym of the more widespread Queckett's
River Frog Amietia
Insects found exclusively in Lesotho include a bush cricket Conocephalus basutoanus (OSF), a grasshopper Basutacris inflatifrons (OSF), the ants Plagiolepis simoni (AntWiki) and Camponotus basuto (AntWiki), a cockroach wasp Dolichurus basuto (WaspWeb), and a plume moth Platyptilia sochivkoi (p. 5 of BioOne pdf file). Over 30 new species of owlet moths were described from Lesotho in 2005 (Sabinet) as were a number of new geometrid moths (African Journal Archive 3 MB pdf file).
arachinids include the jumping spiders Heliophanus furvus (Jumping
Spiders) and Belippo
attenuata (p. 5 of African
Invertebrates pdf file), a wolf spider Hogna
Spider Catalog), a rain spider Palystes
crawshayi (p. 39 of African
Journal Archive pdf file), and a a goblin spider Oonops caecus (World
About 17 vascular plant species are found nowhere else including the national flower, the Spiral Aloe Aloe polyphylla (PlantZAfrica.com). Other endemic plants include Massonia saniensis (Terry Smale), Glumicalyx lesuticus (Rock Garden Plant Database), Delosperma holzbecherorum (Zahradnictví Chaloupka), Delosperma parentum (Zahradnictví Chaloupka), Delosperma adamantinum (p. 35 of Klub skalničkářů Brno pdf file), Malotigena frantiskae-niederlovae (p. 27 of Klub skalničkářů Brno pdf file), Hesperantha crocopsis (eol), Hesperantha exiliflora (JSTOR), Rhynchosia dieterlenae (JSTOR), Gnidia singularis (JSTOR), Jamesbrittenia beverlyana (JSTOR), and Jamesbrittenia lesutica (flickr).
Terrestrial ecoregions in Lesotho include the Drakensberg Montane Grasslands, Woodlands, and Forests (WWF) and the Drakensberg Alti-montane Grasslands and Woodlands (WWF). Most of the endemic plant species can be found in the Lesotho Plant Red Data List (see National Red Lists pdf file).