endemic bird fauna includes the Sulu
Azure-breasted Pitta (ARKive),
the Palawan Peacock-pheasant (ARKive),
the Negros Bleeding-heart (EDGE),
the Philippine Cockatoo (Katala
the Philippine Hanging Parrot (WPT),
the South Philippine Dwarf Kingfisher (HBW),
the Black-hooded Coucal (EDGE), the Celestial Monarch (ARKive),
the Cebu Flowerpecker (EDGE), the Philippine Leafbird (flickr),
and the Mindanao Broadbill (ARKive).
Endemic genera include the Guaiabero (Romy
Philippine Eagle (EDGE),
the White-eared Brown Dove (HBW),
the Coleto (Field
Museum), and the Giant Scops-owl (ARKive).
The Philippine creepers (Creagrus)
represent an endemic family, the Rhabdornithidae, and it has been
proposed that the Cinnamon Ibon (Creagrus)
also warrants its own family .
Mammals found nowhere else include the Philippine Tarsier (ARKive), the Kagwang or Philippine Flying Lemur (ARKive), the Philippine Pangolin (Pangolin SG), the Mindanao Tree Shrew (Field Museum), the Palawan Stink Badger (ARKive), the Golden-crowned Flying Fox (ARKive), the Philippine Dwarf Fruit Bat (Field Museum), the Philippine Porcupine (ARKive), the Tamaraw (Ultimate Ungulate), the Calamian Deer (ARKive), the Visayan Spotted Deer (ARKive), the Balabac Mouse Deer (ARKive), and the Visayan Warty Pig (ARKive). A remarkable adaptive radiation of endemic mice and rats includes 15 genera found nowhere else such as the Slender-tailed Cloud Rat (Field Museum), the Luzon Montane Striped Shrew-rat (Field Museum), the Luzon Hairy-tailed Rat (ARKive), the Dusky Moss Mouse (Field Museum), the Camiguin Forest Mouse (ARKive), and the Panay Bushy-tailed Cloud Rat (ARKive).
Reptiles exclusive to the Philippines include the Philippine Crocodile (Field Museum), the Philippine Pond Turtle (ARKive), the Philippine Striped-lipped Snake (Univ. Kansas pdf file), the Northern Triangle-spotted Snake (eol), the Philippine Shrub Snake (Reptile Database), the Philippine Pitviper (eol), the Lake Taal Sea Snake (Rufford), the Philippine Coral Snake (Wikimedia Commons), the Northern Philippine Cobra (CalPhotos), the Philippine Sail-fin Lizard (ARKive), the Pretty Short-legged Skink (eol), Jagor's Filipino Skink (eol), the White-spotted Forest Skink (eol), the Polillo False Gecko (Polillo Project), the Gigante Narrow-disked Gecko (Mongabay), the Butaan or Gray’s Monitor (mampam.com), and the recently discovered Northern Sierra Madre Forest Monitor Varanus bitatawa (IISE).
Amphibians unique to the Philippines include the Mindanao Caecilian (ISSUU), Muller's Stream Toad (ARKive), the Philippine Toad (eol), the Palawan Horned Frog (ARKive), the Philippine Flat-headed Frog (ARKive), the Truncate-toed Chorus Frog (Polillo Project), the Polillo Forest Frog (ARKive), the Negros Cave Frog (eol), the Luzon Bubble-nest Frog (eol), the Giant Visayan Frog (ARKive), the Mindanao Flying Frog (eol), the Spiny Tree Frog (ARKive), and the Mindoro Frog (eol).
Notable freshwater fish include the world's smallest commercially fished species, the Sinarapan (FishBase), and the remarkable species flock of barbs from Lake Lanao including Puntius tumba (FishBase) and Puntius lindog (FishBase). Other endemic freshwater fish include the Freshwater Sardinella (eol), the Luzon Ricefish (Black Jack's Room), the Luzon Mottled Eel (Species New to Science), Stiphodon surrufus (ARKive), and the endemic genera Gulaphallus (p. 13 of PCSD pdf file) and Spratellicypris (FishBase). Endemic marine fish include the Azure Damsel (FishBase), the Bluespotted Angelfish (FishBase), the Philippine Clown Blenny (eol), a reef bass Pseudogramma erythreum (FishBase), and the Spot-lined Flasher (eol).
Butterflies known solely from the Philippines include the Golden Birdwing (PBase), the Palawan Birdwing (Samu't Saring Buhay), a swallowtail Atrophaneura semperi (Magic of Life), Electra's Tree Nymph (ARKive), and the endemic genus Paruparo (Jamides). Other endemic insects include the ants Polyrhachis cyaniventris (flickr) and Cardiocondyla pirata (Science Daily), a huge stag beetle Odontolabis intermedia (KabuKabu), a jewel beetle Coraebosoma violaceum (Salagubang), a weevil Pachyrrhynchus congestus (Salagubang), a longhorned beetle Doliops multifasciata (Salagubang), the Cebu Frill-wing (Guardian), and the stick insects Conlephasma enigma (BBC) and Ophicrania palinurus (PhasmaPhils).
Other endemic arthropods include
a jumping spider Mantisatta
of the World), a tarantula Selenocosmia peerboomi
and a freshwater crab Insulamon
(Mongabay). Endemic molluscs include the Helicostyla
der Welt), Conus
Imperial Volute (Eddie
Hardy), and a nudibranch Melibe
Slug Forum). Endemic families include copepod
crustaceans in Boholiniidae (CaveBiology.com
pdf file), glass sponges in Cribrospongiidae (Univ. Tokyo), and mites in Aenictequidae (Internet
Archive) and Oconnoriidae (IDigBio).
Among over 6000 vascular plant species restricted to the Philippines are the Mindanao Giant Pitcher Plant (joachim-nerz.de), Rafflesia mira (Parasitic Plants), the Philippine Teak (ARKive), the Cebu Cinnamon (Global Trees Campaign), the Red Lauan (ARKive), the Kapa-Kapa (Field Museum), the Kris Plant (ARKive), the Philippine Dillenia (ARKive), the Anubing (ASEAN), a cycad Cycas wadei (Cycad Pages), and the Jade Vine (Kew). Endemic genera include the Christmas Palm (PACSOA), the Tabog (UC-Riverside), Gloeocarpus (ARKive), Astrocalyx (Phyto Images), the Philippine Tung (eol), Antherostele (pinoytrees.blogspot.com), Villaria (Phyto Images), Greeniopsis (Phyto Images), Psomiocarpa (Phyto Images), Leptosolena (Smithsonian), and several orchids: Amesiella (IOPSE), the Waling-waling (IOPSE), Ceratocentron (Malesian Orchid Genera), Megalotus (Malesian Orchid Genera), Phragmorchis (BHL), and Schuitemania (Phyto Images).
The Philippines comprises its own biodiversity hotspot (CEPF) and is home to one of the world's top ten coral reef hotspots (Columbia Univ. pdf file). Important terrestrial ecoregions include the Mindanao Montane Rain Forests (EoE), the Greater Negros-Panay Rain Forests (EoE), and the Luzon Rain Forests (EoE). Important areas for freshwater endemic species include Lake Lanao (ARCBC) and the Northern Philippine Islands (FEOW).