Checklist of Endemic Freshwater Fish Species
This list of freshwater fish species found exclusively in Spain is based on the taxonomy used in FishBase 2004 (2004). For further details on possible inaccuracies in the list see Sources & Caveats.
FishBase 2004: a global information system on fishes. DVD. WorldFish Center - Philippine Office, Los Banos, Philippines. Published in May 2004.
The current version of this electronic database is accessible here.
OC = a FishBase occurrence record suggests a specimen from another country outside normal stated range ( these vary widely in reliability from obvious misidentifications to being almost certainly correct)
Cobitis haasi (Cobitidae)
Cobitis vettonica (Cobitidae)
Barbus graellsii OC (Cyprinidae) Ebro Barbel
Barbus guiraonis (Cyprinidae) Valencia Barbel
Chondrostoma arrigonus (Cyprinidae)
Chondrostoma turiense (Cyprinidae)
Iberocypris palaciosi (Cyprinidae) Bogardilla
Messinobarbus haasi (Cyprinidae) Catalonian Barbel
Aphanius baeticus (Cyprinodontidae) Spanish Killifish
Additional endemic freshwater fish species that were not included in FishBase 2004 are given below. This list is primarily based on information from the 13 March 2009 version of the Catalog of Fishes database (current version here) and includes species described through 2008. In addition to the 9 endemic freshwater fish species listed above, these additional 5 species total 14 species of freshwater fishes known solely from Spain.
Achondrostoma salmantinum (Cyprinidae) 2007
Iberochondrostoma oretanum (Cyprinidae) Oretanian Pardilla 2003
Squalius castellanus (Cyprinidae) 2007
Squalius malacitanus (Cyprinidae) Malaga Chub 2006
Squalius valentinus (Cyprinidae) Valencia Chub 2006