are part of the South China Sea Islands terrestrial ecoregion (EoE)
and are claimed by several different countries.
A shrimp goby recently described from the Spratlys is Amblyeleotris taipinensis (p. 7 of Fish Database of Taiwan pdf file).
Among the crab species known exclusively from these islands are Globopilumnus fragaria (Raffles Museum pdf file), Paragoneplax chenae (SpringerLink pdf file, and the following: Pilumnus guinotae, Pilumnus comatus, Pilumnus rubroseta, Pilumnus capillatus, Pilumnus semilunaris and Viaderiana sentus (all at Raffles Museum pdf file). Other endemic invertebrates include a marine mollusc Fulgurofusus nanshaensis (ANSP OBIS), a copepod crustacean Tortanus tumidus (Marine Planktonic Copepods), and a bryozoan Scrupocellaria nanshaensis (BryoZone).