else include Burton’s Gerbil (NGS),
the Principal Gerbil (IUCN Red List),
Khartoum Gerbil (Google
Books), Lowe's Gerbil (BHL),
and the Arid Thicket Rat (IUCN Red List).
The Red Sea Swallow (Birding Sudan) is known only from a single specimen found dead near Port Sudan.
Reptiles exclusive to Sudan include the Blue Nile Cat Snake Telescopus gezirae (p. 5 of Tomáš Mazuch pdf file), the Sudan Blind Snake Tricheilostoma dissimilis (Reptile Database), an agama Pseudotrapelus chlodnickii (Species New to Science), and Wilson's Dwarf Skink Afroablepharus wilsoni (Reptile Database).
endemic frog is Pyxicephalus
(or Rana) cordofanus (IUCN Red List).
Freshwater fish known exclusively from Sudan include an airbreathing catfish Clarias (or Allabenchelys) engelseni (ACSI), an elephantfish Petrocephalus keatingii (BHL), Labeo meroensis (Zootaxa pdf file), and the annual killifish Nothobranchius bellemansi and Nothobranchius occultus (Killi-Data). Marine fish known only from Port Sudan include a garden eel Gorgasia cotroneii (FishBase) and a snake eel Skythrenchelys lentiginosa (p. 5 of Australian Museum pdf file).
Insects found only in Sudan include a butterfly Leptomyrina sudanica (Markku Savela), a rove beetle Micrillus sudanicus (p. 41 of naturkundemuseum-bw.de pdf file), the ground beetles Chlaenius colasi (p. 42 of Entomofauna pdf file) and Omophron vittulatum (Carabidae of the World), the ants Monomorium hercules (AntWiki) and Tapinolepis pernix (Ants of Africa), and a bee Systropha martiali (Univ. Mons pdf file).
endemic invertebrates include an
endemic genus of wind scorpion Rhagodalma
a goblin spider Opopaea
sudan (p. 26 of Arthropoda
Selecta pdf file), and several scorpions Hottentotta
niloticus (Scorpions World),
(p. 14 of Euscorpius
pdf file), and Compsobuthus
seicherti (p. 16 of František
Kovarík pdf file). The crustacean family
Pseudogourretiidae is currently known only from a single specimen of Pseudogourretia portsudanensis
(p. 235 of AToL
Decapoda pdf file) from deep waters in the Red Sea off Port
Among the vascular plant species restricted to Sudan are Aloe sinkatana (ARKive), Jatropha aceroides (Kew), Jatropha gallabatensis (JSTOR), Nepeta sudanica (JSTOR), Albizia aylmeri (JSTOR), Albuca steudneri (BGBM), Plectranthus jebel-marrae (JSTOR), Kniphofia nubigena (Kew), Caralluma darfurensis (IPNI), and Gnaphalium marranum (JSTOR).
Sudan's marine life is included in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden coral reef hotspot (Columbia Univ. pdf file). The East Saharan Montane Xeric Woodlands (WWF) and the Ethiopian Montane Grasslands and Woodlands (WWF) are important terrestrial ecoregions and the Upper Nile (FEOW) is an important freshwater ecoregion.