found only in
Vietnam include the Tonkin Snub-nosed Monkey (ARKive),
Delacour's Langur (ARKive),
the Hatinh Langur (EPRC),
the Gray-shanked Douc Langur (ARKive),
the Cuc Phuong Ferret
Silver-backed Mousedeer (Google
Books), Van Sung's Shrew (Isabella
Kirkland), the Sa Pa Shrew (Species
Rat (p. 20 of AMNH
pdf file), the
Vietnamese Pygmy Dormouse (Species
New to Science), Griffin's Leaf-nosed
and the Fairy
Tube-nosed Bat (ASM).
The recently described Daovantien’s Limestone Rat (Planet'
Mammiferes) is an endemic genus.
Birds unique to Vietnam include Edward’s Pheasant (ARKive), the Vietnamese Pheasant (ARKive), the Annam Partridge (OBC), the Tonkin Partridge (HBW), the Gray-crowned Crocias (ARKive), the Collared Laughingthrush (ARKive), the Golden-winged Laughingthrush (OBC), and the Vietnamese Greenfinch (Vietnam Birding). The Imperial Pheasant (HBW) is now believed to be a naturally occurring hybrid between the Vietnamese Pheasant and Edward's Pheasant. Endemic birds recently considered to be distinct species include the Pale-throated Wren Babbler (OBC), the White-throated Wren Babbler (ARKive), the Black-crowned Fulvetta (OBC), the Orange-breasted Laughingthrush (OBC), and the Dalat Shrike-babbler (Vietnam Birding).
Reptiles exclusive to Vietnam include the Tan Kou Marbled Gecko (Reptile
the Cat Ba Leopard Gecko (Vietnam
Creatures), the Psychedelic Rock Gecko (Guardian),
the Giant Butterfly Lizard (BioLib),
an agamid Japalura
Database), a glass lizard Dopasia sokolovi (Reptile
Database), a water skink Tropidophorus
the Hon Son Pitviper (Reptile
Database), a pitviper Protobothrops trungkhanhensis
(p. 8 of ZMFK
pdf file), the
Vietnamese Pond Turtle
and the Southern Vietnamese Box Turtle (Wikipedia).
is a recently described endemic genus of snake.
Amphibians known solely from Vietnam include the Chapa Bug-eyed Frog (ARKive), the Bana Bubble-nest Frog (Vietnam Creatures), the Vampire Flying Frog (Australian Museum), the Thorny Tree Frog (Australian Museum), the Yen Tu Cascade Frog (Species New to Science), Quang’s Tree Frog (Mongabay), the Mu Hum Torrent Frog (Vietnam Creatures), the Granular Toad (ARKive), the Tam Dao Warty Newt (ARKive), and the Vietnamese Crocodile Salamander (Species New to Science).
Freshwater fishes restricted to Vietnam include the Redback Paradise Fish (eol), the Toothy Blackhand Paradise Fish Polynemus bidentatus (p. 17 of WWF 7 MB pdf file), the Vietnamese Banded Sumo Loach (Loaches Online), the loaches Sinogastromyzon chapaensis (FishBase) and Yunnanilus cruciatus (Loaches Online), the catfishes Akysis similis (flmnh) and Pareuchiloglanis poilanei (ACSI), a priapiumfish Phallostethus cuulong (Zootaxa pdf file), and the Vietnamese Cardinal Minnow Tanichthys micagemmae(Seriously Fish). Endemic genera include Araiocypris (Species New to Science), Draconectes (Species New to Science), and Parasqualidus (Raffles Museum pdf file).
Butterflies found nowhere else include Cynita stellata (Butterflies in Indo-China), Deramas cham (Butterflies in Indo-China), Elymnias saola (Discover Life), Ypthima daclaca (p. 19 of KMNH pdf file), Dodona katerina (p. 6 of Yale pdf file), and Virachola superbiens (Butterflies in Indo-China). Other endemic insects include the stag beetles Weinreichius perroti (Insect TKF) and Lucanus dongi (Vietnam Insect), a longhorned beetle Apriona bicolor (eol), a long-armed scarab Cheirotonus battareli (Coleoptera Atlas), a stick insect Phryganistria tamdaoensis (ESF), a cicada Pomponia brevialata (VMNM), an ant Opamyrma hungvuong (AntWiki), a dragonfly Merogomphus tamdaoensis (All Odonata), and the damselflies Devadatta cyanocephala (All Odonata) and Matrona taoi (Odonata Vietnam).
Other endemic invertebrates include the land
and Leptacme cuongi
a cave-dwelling scorpion Vietbocap
a millipede Sellanucheza
a velvet worm Eoperipatus
New to Science), a cave-dwelling shrimp Macrobrachium phongnhaense (Species
New to Science), and a freshwater crab Potamiscus
Creatures). A new fly family, the Circumphallidae (actazool.nhmus.hu
pdf file), has been described based on a single individual from Ba Be
National Park, and the webspinner Embonycha
is the sole member of the family Embonychidae.
Among the orchids confined to Vietnam are Renanthera citrina (ARKive), Paphiopedilum delenatii (SlipperOrchids.info), Dendrobium ochraceum (IOPSE), Anoectochilus annamensis (BBC), and several endemic genera: Christensonia (IOPSE), Deceptor (IOPSE), and Vietorchis (Hoa Lan viet Nam). Other endemic plants include the Golden Vietnamese Cypress (ARKive), Krempf's Pine (Rufford), Cycas condaoensis (Cycad Pages), Amorphophallus ochroleucus (IAS), Begonia boisiana (BSPB), Camellia cucphuongensis (botanic.jp), Ailanthus vietnamensis (Vietnam Creatures), Rhododendron fleuryi (Vietnam Creatures), and Ornithoboea emarginata (Vietnam Creatures). Endemic genera include Hiepia (BVN), Billolivia (BVN), Distichochlamys (Smithsonian), Newmania (IUCN), Nianhochloa (BVN), Cochinchinochloa (Species New to Science), Yersinochloa (Species New to Science), and Cyclacanthus (Fauna & Flora of Vietnam).
Vietnam is included in the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot (CEPF). The Annamite Forests (WWF) are especially notable for endemic species. The Mekong River (WWF) has one of the world's richest freshwater faunas.